virginity and premarital sexuality


virginity and premarital sexuality
In contrast with pre-socialist standards of chastity that applied almost exclusively to women, Maoist educational and administrative practices attempted to enforce a new norm of premarital chastity for both sexes. Chinese youth who engaged in consensual premarital sex could be dismissed from school, sent to reform schools, sanctioned by work units or imprisoned for hooliganism, rape or prostitution. During the reform era, Chinese youth experienced a revolution in sexual attitudes, often described as an ‘opening up’ to liberal ideas from abroad. In contrast to ten years before, a majority of youth surveyed in the late 1990s approved of premarital sexual intercourse in a dating relationship that involved romantic feelings. This new romantic standard represented a break with traditional norms of virginity that applied only to women. Young men began to accept the idea that their wives might have had previous sexual partners.
Surveys in the late 1990s found that 70 to 80 per cent of young people had engaged in sexual intercourse before marriage, although sexual intercourse was still relatively uncommon among teenagers and high school students. Public policy changed more slowly. Secondary schools still prohibited dating, and universities still occasionally expelled students for engaging in sexual intercourse, usually in cases of pregnancy. An increasingly open media allowed space for criticisms of state policies, however. In one widely reported case in October 2002 the parents of two students dismissed after the girl became pregnant publicly argued that the university violated the students’ rights to privacy and education, an argument that was rejected by the judges but received much support from editorialists and youth in Internet chat rooms.
Evans, Harriet (1997). Women and Sexuality in China: Female Sexuality and Gender since 1949. London: Chiron Publications.
Farrer, James (2002). Opening Up: Youth Sex Culture and Market Reform in Shanghai. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
JAMES FARRER

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Virginity — Virgin and Maiden redirect here. For other uses, see Virgin (disambiguation) and Maiden (disambiguation). Invocation by Frederick Leighton White has traditionally been associated with ritual purity, innocence and virginity. Virginity refers to… …   Wikipedia

  • Adolescent sexuality in the United States — relates to the sexuality of American adolescents and its place in American society, both in terms of their feelings, behaviors and development and in terms of the response of the government, educators and interested groups.According to the US… …   Wikipedia

  • Adolescent sexuality — refers to sexual feelings, behavior and development in adolescents and is a stage of human sexuality. Sexuality is a vital aspect of teens lives.cite book | title=The Sex Lives of Teenagers| last=Ponton| first=Lynn| year=2000| pages=2|… …   Wikipedia

  • History of human sexuality — The social construction of sexual behavior mdash;its taboos, regulation and social and political impact mdash;has had a profound effect on the various cultures of the world since prehistoric times. Sources Sexual speech and by extension, writing… …   Wikipedia

  • List of human sexuality topics — This is a list of human sexuality topics. Human sexuality covers a broad range of topics, including the physiological, psychological, social, cultural, political, philosophical, ethical, moral, theological, legal and spiritual or religious… …   Wikipedia

  • sexual behaviour, human — Introduction       any activity solitary, between two persons, or in a group that induces sexual arousal. There are two major determinants of human sexual behaviour: the inherited sexual response patterns that have evolved as a means of ensuring… …   Universalium

  • Coming of Age in Samoa —   …   Wikipedia

  • Sex education — Sex Ed redirects here. For other uses see Sex Ed (disambiguation). Barbara Hastings Asatourian of the University of Salford demonstrates Contraception , a sex education board game played in UK schools. Sex education refers to formal programs of… …   Wikipedia

  • Sexual intercourse — Intromission redirects here. For other uses, see Intromission (disambiguation). Making love redirects here. For other uses, see Making love (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Female genital mutilation — Description Partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs, for non medical reasons Areas practiced Western, eastern, and north eastern Africa, Middle East, Near East, Southeast Asia… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.